Cite

Copy

Tap on and choose 'Add to Home Screen' to create a shortcut app

Tap on and choose 'Install/Install App' to create a shortcut app

Gross Motor Function Classification System

This page was last updated on December 9th, 2022

The GMFCS Definition: The GMFCS is a classification system for individuals with CP that places the person in one of five categories based on their age, motor function abilities and limitations, and need for assistive technology and wheeled mobility (46).

 

  • GMFCS Level I: Children with this level of function can walk indoors and out and climb stairs without using hands for support. They can run and jump but do so with decreased speed, balance, and coordination.

 

  • GMFCS Level II: Children in Level II have the ability to walk indoors and out and climb stairs with a railing. They have difficulty on uneven surfaces, on inclines or in crowds, and have only a minimal ability to run or jump.

 

  • GMFCS Level III: Children in Level III walk with assistive devices indoors and out on level surfaces. They may be able to climb stairs using a railing and may be able to propel a wheelchair for short distances but may require assistance for long distances or over uneven surfaces.

 

  • GMFCS Level IV: Children with this level of function are severely limited in their ability to walk, even with assistive devices. They use wheelchairs most of the time, with some being able to propel the device by themselves. They may participate in transfers.

 

  • GMFCS Level V: Children in Level V have physical impairments that restrict voluntary control of movement and have difficulty maintaining head and neck position against gravity. They are impaired in all areas of motor function and cannot sit, stand, or walk independently. They may be able to control powered mobility devices.

Your donations keep us going

The ISPN Guide is free to use, but we rely on donations to fund our ongoing work and to maintain more than a thousand pages of information created to disseminate the most up-to-date knowledge in the field of paediatric neurosurgery.

By making a donation to The ISPN Guide you are also indirectly helping the many thousands of children around the world whose treatment depends on well-informed surgeons.

Please consider making a donation today.

Use the app

The ISPN Guide can be used as a standalone app, both on mobile devices and desktop computers. It’s quick and easy to use.

Fully featured

Free registration grants you full access to The Guide and host of featured designed to help further your own education.

Stay updated

The ISPN Guide continues to expand both in breadth and depth. Join our mailing list to stay up-to-date with our progress.