Tap on and choose 'Add to Home Screen' to create a shortcut app

Tap on and choose 'Add to Home Screen/Install App' to create a shortcut app

References for Imaging of the Spines of Children

This page was last updated on August 19th, 2022

  1. Hale AT, Alvorado A, Bey AK et al. X-rays vs. CT in identifying significant C-spine injuries in the pediatric population. Childs Nerv Syst 33:1977-1983 2017
  2. Silva CT, Doria AS, Traubici J et al: Do additional views improve the diagnostic performance of cervical spine radiography in pediatric trauma? AJR Am J Roentgenol 194:500–508, 2010
  3. Meyers AB, Chandra T, Epelman M. Sonographic spinal imaging of normal anatomy, pathology and magnetic growing rods in children. Pediatr Radiol 47:1046-1057, 2017
  4. Barker R, Fareedi S, Thompson D et al: The use of CT angiography in the preoperative planning of cervical spine surgery in children. Childs Nerv Syst 25:955–959, 2009
  5. Pang D: Atlantoaxial rotatory fixation. Neurosurgery 66 (Suppl):A161–183, 2010
  6. Saunders DE, Thompson C, Gunny R et al: Magnetic resonance imaging protocols for paediatric neuroradiology. Pediatr Radiol 37:789–797, 2007
  7. Rodriguez DP, Poussaint TY: Imaging of back pain in children. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 31:787–802, 2010

Your donations keep us going

The ISPN Guide is free to use, but we rely on donations to fund our ongoing work and to maintain more than a thousand pages of information created to disseminate the most up-to-date knowledge in the field of paediatric neurosurgery.

By making a donation to The ISPN Guide you are also indirectly helping the many thousands of children around the world whose treatment depends on well-informed surgeons.

Please consider making a donation today.

Use the app

The ISPN Guide can be used as a standalone app, both on mobile devices and desktop computers. It’s quick and easy to use.

Fully featured

Free registration grants you full access to The Guide and host of featured designed to help further your own education.

Stay updated

The ISPN Guide continues to expand both in breadth and depth. Join our mailing list to stay up-to-date with our progress.