Cite

Copy

Tap on and choose 'Add to Home Screen' to create a shortcut app

Tap on and choose 'Add to Home Screen/Install App' to create a shortcut app

Syndromic Craniosynostosis in Children Homepage

This page was last updated on June 22nd, 2017

 

Authors

Peter Richards, M.B.B.S.

Silvia Gatscher, M.D.

Section Editors

Bermans Iskandar, M.D.

Graham Fieggen, M.D.

Senior Editor

Ann Ritter, M.D.

Editor in Chief

Rick Abbott, M.D.

Introduction

Craniosynostosis, the premature fusion of cranial sutures, can be defined according to the number of sutures involved, the relationship to a known disorder, and its genetics. It can be either simple, with only one suture involved, or complex, involving multiple sutures.  In isolated craniosynostosis, the patient has no other primary condition, whereas patients with syndromic craniosynostosis have other anomalies. Apert syndrome, for example, is characterized by craniosynostosis, midface hypoplasia, and symmetric syndactyly of hands and feet.  In recent years, many newly recognized syndromes with craniosynostosis have been described. Syndrome categories are based on known differences in etiology or on distinctive overall syndromic patterns.

Key points

  • Surgery varies with deformity: Varied surgical procedures exist for deformities at different levels of the craniofacial framework using standard craniofacial techniques.
  • Timing varies with deformity: Timing depends on the severity of the malformations and the resulting functional problems involving the brain, the eyes, and respiration.
  • Risks are function of associated system anomalies:Risk factors include associated cardiac, pulmonary, and metabolic problems, the patient’s age, and the type/severity of surgery.
  • Potential for growth to correct: The arguments in favor of craniofacial surgery are not necessarily arguments for surgery for all syndromic malformations in early childhood. Multiple procedures are commonly required throughout childhood and adolescence in response to growth and alteration in function.

Your donations keep us going

The ISPN Guide is free to use, but we rely on donations to fund our ongoing work and to maintain more than a thousand pages of information created to disseminate the most up-to-date knowledge in the field of paediatric neurosurgery.

By making a donation to The ISPN Guide you are also indirectly helping the many thousands of children around the world whose treatment depends on well-informed surgeons.

Please consider making a donation today.

Use the app

The ISPN Guide can be used as a standalone app, both on mobile devices and desktop computers. It’s quick and easy to use.

Fully featured

Free registration grants you full access to The Guide and host of featured designed to help further your own education.

Stay updated

The ISPN Guide continues to expand both in breadth and depth. Join our mailing list to stay up-to-date with our progress.