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References for Spasticity Treated with Selective Dorsal Rhizotomy in Children

This page was last updated on December 8th, 2022

 

    1. Russell DJ, Rosenbaum PL, Cadman DT, et al: The gross motor function measure: A means to evaluate the effects of physical therapy. Dev Med Child Neurol 31:341-352, 1989.
    2. Stokes Na, Deitz JL, Crowe TK: The Peabody Developmental Fine Motor Scale: An interrater reliability study. Am J Occup Ther 44: 334-340, 1990.
    3. Haley SM, Coster WJ, Faas RM: A content validity study of the Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory. Pediatr Phys Ther 3: 177-184, 1991.
    4. Phillips LH, Park TS: Electrophysiologic studies of selective posterior rhizotomy patients, in Part TS, Phillips LH, Peacock WJ (eds): Neurosurgery: State of the Art Reviews: Management of Spasticity in Cerebral Palsy and Spinal Cord Injury. Philadelphia: Hanley & Belfus, 1989, pp 459-470.
    5. Farmer JP, McNeely DP: Surgery in the dorsal roots for children with cerebral palsy. Oper Tech Neurosurg 7:153-156, 2005.
    6. McLaughlin JF, Bjornson KF, Astley SJ, et al: Selective dorsal rhizotomy: Efficacy and safety in an investigator-masked randomized clinical trial. Dev Med Child Neuro 40:220-232, 1998.
    7. Steinbok P, Reiner Am, Beauchamp R, et al: A randomized clinical trial to compare selective posterior rhizotomy plus physiotherapy with physiotherapy alone in children with spastic diplegic cerebral palsy. Dev Med Child Neurol 39:178-184, 1997.
    8. Wright FV, Sheil EM, Drake JM, et al: Evaluation of selective dorsal rhizotomy for the reduction of spasticity in cerebral palsy: A randomized controlled trial. Dev Med Child Neurol 40:239-247, 1998.
    9. Golan, J, Farmer, JP et al; Spinal deformity following selective dorsal rhizotomy. J Neurosurg 106:441-449, 2007.
    10. Hanna SE, Rosenbaum PL, Bartlett DJ, et al: Stability and decline in gross motor function among children and youth with cerebral palsy aged 2 to 21 years. Dev Med Child Neurol 51:295-302, 2009.
    11. Mittal S, Farmer JP, Al-Atassi B, et al: Impact of selective posterior rhizotomy on fine motor skills. Long-term results using a validated evaluative measure. Pediatr Neurosurg 36:133-141, 2002.
    12. Katz D, Rosenthal A, Yosipovitch Z. L’histoire naturelle de la diminution de l’amplitude des mouvements reliée au vieillissement de la population en bonne santé est décrite dans la littérature. Pediatr Orthop 12: 229-31, 1992.
    13. Houle AM, Vernet O, Jednak R, et al: Bladder function before and after selective dorsal rhizotomy in children with cerebral palsy. J Urol 160:1088-1091, 1998.
    14. Johann-Murphy M, Brady G: New York University rhizotomy program. Physical therapy rhizotomy evaluation. Pediatr Phys Ther 2: 103-106, 1990.
    15. Mittal S, Farmer JP, Al-Atassi B et al. Functional performance following selective posterior rhizotomy: long-term results determined using a validated evaluative measure. J Neurosurg 97: 510-8, 2002.
    16. Steinbok P. Selection of treatment modalities in children with spastic cerebral palsy. Neurosurg Focus 21(2): E4, 2006.
    17. Park TS, Owen JH. Surgical management of spastic diplegia in cerebral palsy. New England J of Medicine 326: 745-749, 1992.
    18. Mittal S, Farmer JP, Al-Atassi B et al. Long-term functional outcome after selective posterior rhizotomy. J Neurosurg 97: 315-25, 2002.
    19. Mittal S, Farmer, JP, Poulin C, et al. Reliability of intraoperative electrophysiological monitoring in selective posterior rhizotomy. J Neurosurg 95: 67-75, 2001.
    20. Park TS, Johnston J. Surgical techniques of selective dorsal rhizotomy for spastic cerebral palsy. Neurosurg. Focus 21(2): E7, 2006.
    21. Abbe R. Resection of posterior roots of spinal nerves to relieve pain, pain reflex, athetosis and spastic paralysis. Med Record 79: 377-381, 1911.
    22. Bennett W. Acute spasmotic pain in the left lower extremity was completely relieved by subdural division of the posterior roots of certain spinal nerves, all other treatment having proved useless. Med Chir Trans 79: 329-348, 1889.
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    24. Enslin JMN, Langerak NG, Fieggen AG. The evolution of selective dorsal rhizotomy for the management of spasticity. Neurotherapeutics. 16(1):3-8, 2019.
    25. Peacock W, Arens L. Selective posterior rhizotomy for the treatment of spasticity in cerebral palsy. S Afr Med J 62: 119-124, 1982.
    26. Langerak NG, Lamberts RP, Fieggen AG, et al. Selective dorsal rhizotomy: long-term experience from Cape Town. Childs Nerv Syst 23(9):1003-6, 2007.
    27. Logigian EL, Wolinsky JS, Soriano SG, et al. H reflex studies in cerebral palsy patients undergoing partial dorsal rhizotomy. Muscle Nerve 17(5):539-49, 1994.
    28. Steinbok P, Schrag C: Complications after selective posterior rhizotomy for spasticity in children with cerebral palsy. Pediatr Neurosurg 28:300-313, 1998.
    29. Fukuhara T, Nakatsu D, Namba Y, et al. Histological evidence of intraoperative monitoring efficacy in selective dorsal rhizotomy. Childs Nerv Syst. 27(9):1453-8, 2011.
    30. Warf BC, Nelson KR. The electromyographic responses to dorsal rootlet stimulation during partial dorsal rhizotomy are inconsistent. Pediatr Neurosurg 25:13-19, 1996.
    31. Sindou M, Joud A, Georgoulis G. How I do it: Selective dorsal rhizotomy, using interlaminar approaches, for spastic diplegia/quadriplegia in children with cerebral palsy. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 163(10):2845-2851, 2021.
    32. Warsi, NM, Tailor J, Coulter IC, et al. Selective dorsal rhizotomy: an illustrated review of operative techniques. J Neurosurg Pediatr 25: 540-547. 2020.
    33. Fasano VA, Barolat-Romana G, Ivaldi A et al.. La radicotomie postérieure fonctionnelle dans le traitement de la spasticité cérébrale Premieres observations sur la stimulation électrique peropératoire des racines postérieures, et leur utilisation dans le choix des racines ã sectionner [Functional posterior radiculotomy, in the treatment of cerebral spasticity. peroperative electric stimulation of posterior roots and its use in the choice of the roots to be sectioned]. Neurochirurgie. 22(1):23-34, 1976.
    34. Fasano VA, Broggi G, Zeme S. Intraoperative electrical stimulation for functional posterior rhizotomy. Scand J Rehabil Med Suppl. 17:149-54, 1988
    35. Abbott, R., Johann-Murphy M, Shiminski-Maher T, et al. Selective dorsal rhizotomy: outcome and complications in treating spastic cerebral palsy. Neurosurgery 33(5): 851-857, 1993.
    36. Deletis V, Vodusek D, Abbott R, et al. Intraoperative monitoring of the dorsal roots: minimizing the risk of iatrogenic micturation disorders. Neurosurgery 30:72–75, 1992.
    37. Abdel Ghany WA, Nada M, Mahran MA, et al. Combined anterior and posterior lumbar rhizotomy for treatment of mixed dystonia and spasticity in children with cerebral palsy. Neurosurgery. 79(3):336-44, 2016.
    38. Shalash AS, Ghany WA. Intraoperative electrophysiological monitoring during selective dorsal rhizotomy in children with spastic cerebral palsy. Egypt J Neurol Psychiat Neurosurg. 47(01):505-10, 2010.
    39. McNeal, D., Hawtrey CE, Wolraich ML. Symptomatic neurogenic bladder in a cerebral-palsy population. Dev Med Child Neurol 25: 612-616, 1983.
    40. Russell D, Rosenblum PL, Cadman DT, et al. The gross motor function measure: A means to evaluate the effects of physical therapy. Dev Med Child Neurol 31: 341-352, 1989.
    41. Haley, S., Coster WJ.; Faas RM.. A content validity study of the Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory. Pediatr Phys Ther 3: 177-184, 1991.
    42. Storrs B, B, Nishida T: Use of the ‘H’ Reflex recovery curve in selective posterior rhizotomy. Pediatr Neurosurg 1988;14:120-123, 1988.
    43. Beckung E, Carlsson G, Carlsdotter S et al The natural history of gross motor development in children with cerebral palsy aged 1 to 15 years. Dev Med Child Neurol 49: 751-6, 2007.
    44. Deletis V, Vodusek DB. Intraoperative recording of the bulbocavernosus reflex. Neurosurgery. 40(1):88-92, 1997.
    45. Veerbeek BE, Lamberts RP, Fieggen AG, et al. A long-term follow-up study of spinal abnormalities and pain in adults with cerebral palsy and spastic diplegia more than 25 years after selective dorsal rhizotomy. J Neurosurg Spine. 2021;34(2):228-235.
    46. CanChild Centre for Childhood Disability Research (Canada): Gross motor function classification system expanded and revised. Hamilton, Ontario: McMaster University. Institute for Applied Health Sciences (https://canchild.ca/en/resources/42-gross-motor-function-classification-system-expanded-revised-gmfcs-e-r#:~:text=The%20Gross%20Motor%20Function%20Classification,%2C%20walking%2C%20and%20wheeled%20mobility) [Accessed 22 October 2022]
    47. Morota, N., Abbott, R., Kofler, M. et al. Residual spasticity after selective posterior rhizotomy. Childs Nerv Syst 11, 161–165, 1995.
    48. Sherrington, C. Decerebrate rigidity and reflex co-ordination of movements. J Physiol 22: 319-332, 1898.
    49. Dudley RW, Parolin M, Gagnon B, et al. Long-term functional benefits of selective dorsal rhizotomy for spastic cerebral palsy. J Neurosurg Pediatr 12:142-50, 2013.
    50. Farmer JP, Sabbagh AJ. Selective dorsal rhizotomies in the treatment of spasticity related to cerebral palsy. Childs Nerv Syst 23: 991–1002, 2007.
    51. Golan JD, Hall JA, O’Gorman G, et al. Spinal deformities following selective dorsal rhizotomy. J Neurosurg 106(6 Suppl):441-9, 2007.
    52. Bell KI, Ounpuu S, DeLuca PA, et al. Natural progression of gait in children wiht cerebral palsy. J Pediatr Orthop 22 (5): 677-682, 2002
    53. Johnson DC, Damiano DL, Abel MF, et al. The evolution of gait in childhood and adolescent cerebral palsy, J Pediatr Orthop 17(3): 392-6, 1997
    54. Elk B. Preoperative assessment and postoperative surgical occupational therapy for children who have undergone a selective posterior rhizotomy. S Afr J Occup Ther 14: 49-50, 1980.
    55. Bohannon RW, Smith MB. Interrater reliability of a modified Ashworth scale of muscle spasticity. Phys Ther 67(2):206-7, 1987.
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    63. Fink JW.  Hereditary Spastic Paraplegia Overview.  in Pagon RA, Adam MP, Bird TD, et al., (eds): GeneReview. Seattle: University of Washington, Seattle; 1993-2014. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK1509/ [Accessed 16 February 2014]
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    65. Arens LJ, Peacock WJ, Peter J. Selective posterior rhizotomy: a long-term follow-up study. Childs Nerv Syst 5:148-152, 1989.
    66. Pfeifer LL, Rodrigues Silva DB, Rodrigues Funayama CA, et. al.: Classification of cerebral palsy: association between gender, age, motor type, topography and Gross Motor Function.  Arq Neuropsiquiatr 67: 1057-1061, 2009
    67. Beaino G, Khoshnood B, Kaminski M, et. al.: Predictors of cerebral palsy in very premature infants: the EPIPAGE prospective population-based cohort study. Dev Med Child Neurol 52, e119-e125, 2010
    68. Romeo DM, Cioni M, Battaglia LR, et. al.: Spectrum of gross motor and cognitive functions in children with cerebral palsy: gender differences.  Eur J Paediatr Neurol 15(1):53-8, 2011
    69. Gustavson KH, Hagberg B, Sanner G: Identical syndromes of cerebral palsy in the same family. Acta Paediat Scand.58: 330-340, 1969
    70. Bundey S, Griffiths MI: Recurrence risks in families of children with symmetrical spasticity. Dev Med Child Neurol 19: 179-191, 1977
    71. McHale DP, Mitchell S, Bundey Set.al.:. A gene for autosomal recessive symmetrical spastic cerebral palsy maps to chromosome 2q24-25. Am J Hum Genet 64: 526-532, 1999
    72. Mitchell S, Bundey S: Symmetry of neurological signs in Pakistani patients with probable inherited spastic cerebral palsy. Clin. Genet 51: 7-14, 1997
    73. Nelson KB: Causative factors in cerebral palsy. Clin Obstrer Gynecol 51: 749-762, 2008
    74. Fasano VA,  Barolat-Romana G,  Zeme S, et al.  Electrophysiological assessment of spinal circuits in spasticity by dorsal root stimulation. Neurosurg 4: 146-51, 1979
    75. Spasticity and Tone Management Clinic (USA). Selective dorsal rhizotomy surgery for spasticity. Denver, Colorado: Childrens Hospital Colorado (https://www.childrenscolorado.org/doctors-and-departments/departments/pediatric-rehabilitation/spasticity-management-clinic/selective-dorsal-rhizotomy-surgery/) [Accessed Dec 6, 2022]

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