Tap on and choose 'Add to Home Screen' to create a shortcut app

Tap on and choose 'Add to Home Screen/Install App' to create a shortcut app

References for Long-Term Management of Hydrocephalus in Children

This page was last updated on April 8th, 2024

  1. Acs G, Cozzi E: Antibiotic prophylaxis for patients with hydrocephalus shunts: a survey of pediatric dentistry and neurosurgery program directors. Pediatr. Dent 14: 246–250, 1992
  2. Almeida MR, Bell GS, Sander JW: Epilepsy and recreational scuba diving: an absolute contraindication or can there be exceptions? A call for discussion. Epilepsia 48: 851-858, 2007
  3. Andersson S, Persson EK, Aring E, et al: Vision in children with hydrocephalus. Dev Med Child Neurol 48: 836-841, 2006
  4. Baird C,O’Connor D,Pittman T: Late shunt infections. Pediatr Neurosurg 31:269-273, 1999
  5. Blount JP, Severson M, Atkins V, et al: Sports and pediatric cerebrospinal fluid shunts: who can play? Neurosurgery 55: 1190-1196, 2004
  6. Bourgeois M, Sainte-Rose C, Cinalli G, et al: Epilepsy in children with shunted hydrocephalus. J Neurosurg 90: 274-281, 1999
  7. Bui CJ, Tubbs RS, Pate G, et al: Infections of pediatric cerebrospinal fluid shunts related to fundoplication and gastrostomy. J Neurosurg 107 (5 Suppl Pediatrics): 365–367, 2007
  8. Byard RW: Mechanisms of sudden death and autopsy findings in patients with Arnold-Chiari malformation and vetriculoatrial catheters. Am J Forensic Med Pathol 17: 260-263, 1996
  9. Byard RW, Koszyka B Qiao M: Unexpected childhood death due to a rare complication of ventriculoperitoneal shunting. Am J Forensic Med Pathol 22: 207-210, 2001
  10. Caldarelli M, Novegno F, Di Rocco C: A late complication of CSF shunting: acquired Chiari I malformation. Childs Nerv Syst 25: 443-452, 2009
  11. Casey AT, Kimmings EJ, Kleinlugtebeld AD, et al: The long-term outlook for hydrocephalus in childhood. A ten-year cohort study of 155 patients. Pediatr Neurosurg 27: 63-70, 1997
  12. Chi JH, Fullerton HJ, Gupta N: Time trends and demographics of deaths from congenital hydrocephalus in children in the United States: National Center for Health Statistics data, 1979 to 1998. J Neurosurg (Pediatrics) 103: 113–118, 2005
  13. Cholley F, Trivin C, Sainte-Rose C, et al: Disorders of growth and puberty in children with non-tumoral hydrocephalus. J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab 14: 319-327, 2001
  14. Chumas PD, Armstrong DC, Drake JM, et al: Tonsillar herniation: the rule rather than the exception after lumboperitoneal shunting in the pediatric population. J Neurosurg 78: 568-573, 1993
  15. Di Rocco C: The Treatment of Infantile Hydrocephalus. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, 1987, vol 2, pp 129–139
  16. Drake JM, Kestle JR, Milner R, et al: Randomized trial of cerebrospinal fluid shunt valve design in pediatric hydrocephalus. Neurosurgery 43: 294-303, 1998
  17. Drake JM, Chumas P, Kestle J, et al: Late rapid deterioration after endoscopic third ventriculoETV: additional cases and review of the literature. J Neurosurg 105 (2 Suppl): 118-126, 2006
  18. Finney HL, Roberts TS: Nephritis secondary to chronic cerebrospinal fluid-vascular shunt infection: “shunt nephritis”. Childs Brain 6: 189–193, 1980
  19. Gaskill SJ,Marlin AE: Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis in patients with ventriculoperitoneal shunts. Pediatr Neurosurg 26:115-119, 1997
  20. Gupta N, Park J, Solomon C, et al: Long-term outcomes in patients with treated childhood hydrocephalus. J Neurosurg 106 (suppl 5): 334-339, 2007
  21. Hamilton MG: Treatment of hydrocephalus in adults. Semin Pediatr Neurol 16: 34-41, 2009
  22. Heggers JP, Kossovsky N, Parsons RW, et al: Biocompatibility of silicone implants. Ann Plast Surg 11: 38-45, 1983
  23. Hoppe-Hirsch E, Laroussinie F, Brunet F, et al: Late outcome of the surgical treatment of hydrocephalus. Childs Nerv Syst 14: 97-99, 1998
  24. Iskandar BJ, Tubbs S, Mapstone TB, et al: Death in shunted hydrocephalic children in the 1990s. Pediatr Neurosurg 28: 173–176, 1998
  25. Iskandar BJ, Sansone JM, Medow J, et al: The use of quick-brain magnetic resonance imaging in the evaluation of shunt-treated hydrocephalus. J Neurosurg 101(2 Suppl): 147-151, 2004
  26. Kaufman BA, Terbrock A, Winters N, et al.: Disbanding a multidisciplinary clinic: effect on the health of myelomeningocele patients. Pediatr Neurosurg  21: 36–44, 1994
  27. Kokkonen J, Serlo W, Saukkonen AL, et al: Long-term prognosis for children with shunted hydrocephalus. Childs Nerv Syst 10: 384-387, 1994
  28. Kulkarni AV, Drake JM, Lamberti-Pasculli M: Cerebrospinal fluid shunt infection: a prospective study of risk factors. J Neurosurg 94: 195–201, 2001
  29. Kulkarni AV, Shams I: Quality of life in children with hydrocephalus: results from the Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto. J Neurosurg 107 (5 Suppl Pediatrics): 358–364, 2007
  30. Lundar T, Langmoen IA, Hovind KH: Fatal cardiopulmonary complications in children treated with ventriculo-atrial shunts. Childs Nerv Syst 7: 215–217, 1991
  31. Lundar T: Shunt removal or replacement based on intraventricular infusion tests. Childs Nerv Syst 10: 337–339, 1994
  32. Mazza C, Pasqualin A, da Pian R: Results of treatment with ventriculoatrial and ventriculoperitoneal shunts in infantile nontumoral hydrocephalus. Childs Brain 7: 1-14, 1980
  33. Oatridge A, Holdcroft A, Saeed N, et al: Change in brain size during and after pregnancy: study in healthy women and women with preeclampsia. Am J Neuroradiol 23: 19-26, 2002
  34. Park CK, Wang KC, Seo JK, et al: Transoral protrusion of a peritoneal catheter: A case report and literature review. Childs Nerv Syst 16: 184–189, 2000
  35. Paulsen AH, Lundar T, Lindegaard KF: Twenty-year outcome in young adults with childhood hydrocephalus: assessment of surgical outcome, work participation, and health-related quality of life. J Neurosurg Pediatrics 6: 527-535, 2010
  36. Persson EK, Anderson S, Wiklund LM, et al: Hydrocephalus in children born in 1999-2002: epidemiology, outcome and ophthalmological findings. Childs Nerv Syst 23: 1111-1118, 2007
  37. Piatt JH Jr, Carlson CV: Hydrocephalus and epilepsy: an actuarial analysis. Neurosurgery 39: 722-727, 1996
  38. Proos LA, Dahl M, Ahlsten G, et al: Increased perinatal intracranial pressure and prediction of early puberty in girls with myelomeningocele. Arch Dis Childhood 75: 42-45, 1996
  39. Rekate HL, Kranz D: Headaches in patients with shunts. Semin Pediatr Neurol 16: 27-30, 2009
  40. Schneider T, Knauff U, Nitsch J, et al: Electromagnetic field hazards involving adjustable shunt valves in hydrocephalus. J Neurosurg 96: 331-334, 2002
  41. Smyth MD, Narayan P, Tubbs RS, et al: Cumulative diagnostic radiation exposure in children with ventriculoperitoneal shunts: a review. Childs Nerv Syst 24: 493-497, 2008
  42. Talamonti G, D’Aliberti G, Collice M: Myelomeningocele: long-term neurosurgical treatment and follow-up in 202 patients. J Neurosurg 107 (5 Suppl): 368-386, 2007
  43. Vinchon M, Lemaitre MP, Vallée L, et al: Late shunt infection: incidence, pathogenesis, and therapeutic implications. Neuropediatrics 33: 169-173, 2002
  44. Vinchon M, Fichten A, Delestret I, et al: Revision for asymptomatic shunt failure: surgical and clinical results. Neurosurgery 52: 347–356, 2003
  45. Vinchon M, Dhellemmes P: Abdominal complications of peritoneal shunts, in Cinalli G, Maixner W, Sainte-Rose C (eds): Paediatric Hydrocephalus. Milan: Springer, 2004, pp.315-327
  46. Vinchon M, Baroncini M, Thines L, et al: Bowel perforation caused by peritoneal shunt catheters: diagnosis and treatment. Neurosurgery 58(1 Suppl): 76-82, 2006
  47. Vinchon M, Dhellemmes P: Cerebrospinal shunt infection: risk factors and long term follow-up. Childs Nerv Syst 22: 692-677, 2006
  48. Vinchon M, Dhellemmes P: The transition from child to adult in neurosurgery. Adv Techn Standards Neurosurg 32: 3-24, 2007
  49. Vinchon M, Dhellemmes P, Laureau E, et al: Progressive myelopathy due to meningeal thickening in shunted patients: description of a novel entity and the role of surgery. Childs Nerv Syst 23: 839-845, 2007
  50. Vinchon M, Dhellemmes P: Suivi à l’âge adulte des patients traités dans l’enfance pour hydrocéphalie[Follow-up of adult patients treated during childhood for hydrocephalus]. Neurochirurgie 54: 587-596, 2008
  51. Vinchon M, Dhellemmes P: Hydrocephalus in myelomeningocele: shunts and problems with shunts, in Ozek M, Cinalli G, Maixner WJ (eds): The Spina Bifida: Management and Outcome. Milan: Springer, 2008, pp. 215-224
  52. Vinchon M, Baroncini M, Delestret I: Adult outcome of pediatric hydrocephalus. Childs Nerv Syst 28: 847-854, 2012
  53. Wagner W, Koch-Wiewrodt D: ETV Techniques and complications, in Mallucci C, Sgouros S (eds): Cerebrospinal Fluid Disorders. New York: Informa, 2010, pp 505-507
  54. Xenos C, Sgouros S, Natarajan K, et al: Influence of shunt type on ventricular volume changes in children with hydrocephalus. J Neurosurg 98: 277-283, 2003