Tap on and choose 'Add to Home Screen' to create a shortcut app

Tap on and choose 'Add to Home Screen/Install App' to create a shortcut app

References for Embryology of the Central Nervous System in Children

This page was last updated on August 19th, 2022

  1. Dias MS, Schoenwolf GC: Molecular biology of early neural development, in McLone DG (ed): Pediatric Neurosurgery: Surgery of the Developing Nervous System. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 2001, pp 73-86
  2. Dias MS, McLone DG: Normal and abnormal early development of the nervous system, in McLone DG (ed): Pediatric Neurosurgery: Surgery of the Developing Nervous System. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 2001, pp 31-71
  3. O’Rahilly R, Miller F: Developmental Stages in Human Embryos. Washington: Carnegie Institution of Washington, 1987
  4. Schoenwolf GC, Smith JL: Mechanisms of neurulation: traditional viewpoint and recent advances. Development 109:243-270, 1990
  5. Schoenwolf GC, DeLongo J: Ultrastructure of secondary neurulation in the chick embryo. Am J Anat 158:43-63, 1980
  6. Schoenwolf GC: Histological and ultrastructural studies of secondary neurulation in mouse embryos. Am J Anat 169:361-376, 1984
  7. Kunimoto K: The development and reduction of the tail and of the caudal end of the spinal cord. Contrib Embryol 8:161-198, 1918
  8. Streeter GL: Factors involved in the formation of the filum terminale. Am J Anat 25:1-11, 1919
  9. Kesler H, Dias MS, Kalapos P: The normal position of the conus medullaris in children: A whole-spine MRI study. Neurosurgical Focus 23:1-5, 2007
  10. Moore KL: The Developing Human: Clinically Oriented Embryology. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 1982
  11. O’Rahilly R, Miller F: The Embryonic Human Brain. An Atlas of Developmental Stages. New York: Wiley-Liss, 1994
  12. Larsen WJ: Essentials of Human Embryology. New York: Churchill Livingstone, 1997, pp 411-454
  13. Gilbert SF: Developmental Biology, 7th ed. Sunderland MA: Sinauer Assoc, 2003, p 394
  14. Norman MG, McGillivray BC, Kalousek DK, et al: Embryology of the central nervous system, in Norman MG, McGillivary BC, Kalousek DK, et al (eds): Congenital Malformations of the Brain: Pathological, Embryological, Clinical, Radiological, and Genetic Aspects. New York: Oxford University Press, 1995, pp 9-51

Your donations keep us going

The ISPN Guide is free to use, but we rely on donations to fund our ongoing work and to maintain more than a thousand pages of information created to disseminate the most up-to-date knowledge in the field of paediatric neurosurgery.

By making a donation to The ISPN Guide you are also indirectly helping the many thousands of children around the world whose treatment depends on well-informed surgeons.

Please consider making a donation today.

Use the app

The ISPN Guide can be used as a standalone app, both on mobile devices and desktop computers. It’s quick and easy to use.

Fully featured

Free registration grants you full access to The Guide and host of featured designed to help further your own education.

Stay updated

The ISPN Guide continues to expand both in breadth and depth. Join our mailing list to stay up-to-date with our progress.