Cite

Copy

Tap on and choose 'Add to Home Screen' to create a shortcut app

Tap on and choose 'Add to Home Screen/Install App' to create a shortcut app

Meningitis and Ventriculitis in Children Homepage

This page was last updated on June 9th, 2022

 

 

Author

Herbert E. Fuchs, M.D., Ph.D.

Section Editors

Adrian Caceres, MD

Sandip Chatterjee, MBBS, DNB(Surg), FRCS(SN), NAMS(Neurosurg)

Editor in Chief

Rick Abbott, M.D.

Introduction

Meningitis and ventriculitis are caused by a variety of microorganisms and carry significant rates of morbidity and mortality. Even with prompt diagnosis and treatment, there may be serious sequelae. The etiologies of meningitis and ventriculitis vary with the age of the child. Ventriculitis may accompany meningitis but also may occur independently, especially in patients undergoing neurosurgical procedures such as craniotomy or ventricular shunts.

Key Points

  • Causative organisms vary with host’s country: Meningitis and ventriculitis may be caused by bacteria (including TB), viruses, and fungi. Infective agent(s) vary between developed and developing countries.
  • Health threat is major: Meningitis and ventriculitis are major causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide.
  • Immunocompromised state is a major risk factor: Infants and immunocompromised patients are most susceptible to meningitis and ventriculitis (33).
  • Vaccinations and antimicrobial treatments are effective: Advances in antimicrobial therapy have significantly improved the outcome of patients with meningitis or ventriculitis. Vaccination has led to significant decreases in meningitis and ventriculitis caused by certain microorganisms.

Your donations keep us going

The ISPN Guide is free to use, but we rely on donations to fund our ongoing work and to maintain more than a thousand pages of information created to disseminate the most up-to-date knowledge in the field of paediatric neurosurgery.

By making a donation to The ISPN Guide you are also indirectly helping the many thousands of children around the world whose treatment depends on well-informed surgeons.

Please consider making a donation today.

Use the app

The ISPN Guide can be used as a standalone app, both on mobile devices and desktop computers. It’s quick and easy to use.

Fully featured

Free registration grants you full access to The Guide and host of featured designed to help further your own education.

Stay updated

The ISPN Guide continues to expand both in breadth and depth. Join our mailing list to stay up-to-date with our progress.