Cite

Copy

Tap on and choose 'Add to Home Screen' to create a shortcut app

Tap on and choose 'Add to Home Screen/Install App' to create a shortcut app

Complications of Therapies for Cervical Encephaloceles in Children

This page was last updated on May 9th, 2017

Surgery

  • Seizures: Seizures should be treated with the appropriate anticonvulsants.
  • Hydrocephalus: Hydrocephalus should be treated with ventriculoperitoneal shunt placement for CSF diversion to prevent leakage of CSF from the encephalocele repair site and associated infection.
  • Lower brainstem dysfunction: Extensive neurological deficits such as cranial nerve deficits, inadequate sucking and feeding abilities, respiratory insufficiency, spasticity, blindness, and profound developmental delay are possible after repair of a cervical encephalocele.
  • Stroke: Stroke can occur as a consequence of anomalous venous drainage associated with the encephalocele sac and should be treated with supportive therapy.

Your donations keep us going

The ISPN Guide is free to use, but we rely on donations to fund our ongoing work and to maintain more than a thousand pages of information created to disseminate the most up-to-date knowledge in the field of paediatric neurosurgery.

By making a donation to The ISPN Guide you are also indirectly helping the many thousands of children around the world whose treatment depends on well-informed surgeons.

Please consider making a donation today.

Use the app

The ISPN Guide can be used as a standalone app, both on mobile devices and desktop computers. It’s quick and easy to use.

Fully featured

Free registration grants you full access to The Guide and host of featured designed to help further your own education.

Stay updated

The ISPN Guide continues to expand both in breadth and depth. Join our mailing list to stay up-to-date with our progress.