Hydrocephalus after tumor resection
- Unusual to require treatment: Permanent CSF diversion after complete or near-complete tumor resection is usually not required.
- Risk factors include young age and large tumors: The need for postoperative shunt placement is more likely in younger patients and those with large tumors or long-standing ventriculomegaly (22).
- Elevated ICP and treatment of CSF leak: Elevated ICP in association with large ventricles can be a factor leading to treatment, as can progressive ventriculomegaly on postoperative imaging studies. A pseudomeningocele that is enlarging and/or a CSF leak are events that will lead to consideration for treatment.
Cranial nerve injury
- Direct surgical injury: Lower cranial nerve injury, mostly seen with laterally located tumors, is usually temporary, but sometimes tracheostomy or gastrostomy is needed.
Please create a free account or log in to read 'Complicatons of Therapies for Infratentorial Ependymomas in Children'
Registration is free, quick and easy. Register and complete your profile and get access to the following:
- Full unrestricted access to The ISPN Guide
- Download pages as PDFs for offline viewing
- Create and manage page bookmarks
- Access to new and improved on-page references