Tap on and choose 'Add to Home Screen' to create a shortcut app

Tap on and choose 'Add to Home Screen/Install App' to create a shortcut app

Recommended Reading for Spina Bifida Occulta and Tethered Cord Syndrome in Children

This page was last updated on May 9th, 2017

  • Cohrane, DG: Occult Spinal Dysraphism in Principles and Practice of Pediatric Neurosurgery. New York, NY: Albright Pollack, Thieme Medical Publishers, 2008. pp 367-393.
  • Garceau, GJ: The Filum Terminal Syndrome (the cord traction syndrome). J Bone and Joint Surgery Am, 711-716, 1953.
  • Gilmore RL, Walsh J: The clinical neurophysiology of tethered cord syndrome and other dysraphic syndromes, in Yamada S (ed): Tethered Cord Syndrome. American Association of Neurological Surgeons, 167-182, 1996.
  • Hoffman, HJ, Hendrick EB, Humphreys RP: The Tethered Spinal Cord: It’s Protean Manifestations, diagnosis, and surgical Correction. Child’s Brain, 145-155, 1976.
  • McLone DG, La Marca F: The tethered spinal cord: diagnosis, significance and management. Semin Pediatric Neurol 4:192-208, 1997.
  • Yamada S, Iacono RP, Andrade T, Mandybur G, Yamada BS: Pathophysiology of tethered cord syndrome. Neurosurg Clin N Am 6:311-323, 1995.

Your donations keep us going

The ISPN Guide is free to use, but we rely on donations to fund our ongoing work and to maintain more than a thousand pages of information created to disseminate the most up-to-date knowledge in the field of paediatric neurosurgery.

By making a donation to The ISPN Guide you are also indirectly helping the many thousands of children around the world whose treatment depends on well-informed surgeons.

Please consider making a donation today.

Use the app

The ISPN Guide can be used as a standalone app, both on mobile devices and desktop computers. It’s quick and easy to use.

Fully featured

Free registration grants you full access to The Guide and host of featured designed to help further your own education.

Stay updated

The ISPN Guide continues to expand both in breadth and depth. Join our mailing list to stay up-to-date with our progress.