Cite

Copy

Tap on and choose 'Add to Home Screen' to create a shortcut app

Tap on and choose 'Add to Home Screen/Install App' to create a shortcut app

Adjuvant Therapy for Focal Brainstem Gliomas in Children

This page was last updated on January 25th, 2023

Radiation Therapy

  • Conventional radiation therapy: Conventional radiation therapy has limited efficacy in patients with focal midbrain tumors (30,46).  Tumors with anaplastic or malignant features should be treated with radiation therapy after the patient recovers from surgery, whereas benign tumors may be observed and treated only if there is subsequent tumor growth (27).
  • Brachytherapy: Seeds of iodine-129 or iodine-125 have been implanted in some patients with acceptable results in control of the tumor growth (47). I-125 is an alternative to resection, external radiotherapy, and chemotherapy in children with progressively symptomatic low-grade gliomas in deep and eloquent areas for whom high postoperative morbidity would be expected with open surgery (48).
  • Stereotactic radiosurgery: The use of stereotactic radiosurgery as an alternative means for the management of focal brainstem gliomas has been reported in patients with progressive tumor growth or worsening neurological deficits (35).

Chemotherapy

  • Uncertain role: The role of chemotherapy has not been well evaluated for focal brainstem tumors.  In general, for sub-totally or completely resected tumors that subsequently progress, chemotherapy may be considered with or without radiation therapy.  In young children, chemotherapy may be used alone in an attempt to delay the need for radiation therapy.

Your donations keep us going

The ISPN Guide is free to use, but we rely on donations to fund our ongoing work and to maintain more than a thousand pages of information created to disseminate the most up-to-date knowledge in the field of paediatric neurosurgery.

By making a donation to The ISPN Guide you are also indirectly helping the many thousands of children around the world whose treatment depends on well-informed surgeons.

Please consider making a donation today.

Use the app

The ISPN Guide can be used as a standalone app, both on mobile devices and desktop computers. It’s quick and easy to use.

Fully featured

Free registration grants you full access to The Guide and host of featured designed to help further your own education.

Stay updated

The ISPN Guide continues to expand both in breadth and depth. Join our mailing list to stay up-to-date with our progress.