Tap on and choose 'Add to Home Screen' to create a shortcut app

Tap on and choose 'Add to Home Screen/Install App' to create a shortcut app

References For Cerebral Arteriovenous Malformations In Children

This page was last updated on August 19th, 2022

  1. Friedlander RM. Clinical practice. Arteriovenous malformations of the brain. N Engl J Med 356:2704-12, 2007
  2. Brown RD, Jr., Wiebers DO, Torner JC, O’Fallon WM. Incidence and prevalence of intracranial vascular malformations in Olmsted County, Minnesota, 1965 to 1992. Neurology 46:949-52, 1996
  3. Olivecrona H, Riives J. Arteriovenous aneurysms of the brain: their diagnosis and treatment. Arch Neurol Psychiatry 59:567-603, 1948
  4. Altschuler E, Lunsford LD, Kondziolka D, et al. Radiobiologic models for radiosurgery. Neurosurg Clin N Am 3:61-77, 1992
  5. Tan CL, Li DT, Shen SB. [Detection of brain vascular diseases with CT angiography]. Hunan Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao 26:460-2, 2001
  6. Jessurun GA, Kamphuis DJ, van der Zande FH, Nossent JC. Cerebral arteriovenous malformations in The Netherlands Antilles. High prevalence of hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia-related single and multiple cerebral arteriovenous malformations. Clin Neurol Neurosurg 95:193-8, 1993
  7. Celli P, Ferrante L, Palma L, Cavedon G. Cerebral arteriovenous malformations in children. Clinical features and outcome of treatment in children and in adults. Surg Neurol 22:43-9, 1984
  8. Kahl W, Kessel G, Schwarz M, Voth D. Arterio-venous malformations in childhood: clinical presentation, results after operative treatment and long-term follow-up. Neurosurg Rev 12:165-71, 1989
  9. Kader A, Goodrich JT, Sonstein WJ, Stein BM, Carmel PW, Michelsen WJ. Recurrent cerebral arteriovenous malformations after negative postoperative angiograms. J Neurosurg 85:14-8, 1996
  10. D’Aliberti G, Talamonti G, Versari PP, et al. Comparison of pediatric and adult cerebral arteriovenous malformations. J Neurosurg Sci 41:331-6, 1997
  11. Di Rocco C, Tamburrini G, Rollo M. Cerebral arteriovenous malformations in children. Acta Neurochir (Wien) 142:145-56; discussion 56-8, 2000
  12. Tay CH, Oon CL, Lai CS, Loong SC, Gwee AL. Intracranial arteriovenous malformations in Asians. Brain 94:61-8, 1971
  13. Boon LM, Mulliken JB, Vikkula M. RASA1: variable phenotype with capillary and arteriovenous malformations. Curr Opin Genet Dev 15:265-9, 2005
  14. Sonstein WJ, Kader A, Michelsen WJ, Llena JF, Hirano A, Casper D. Expression of vascular endothelial growth factor in pediatric and adult cerebral arteriovenous malformations: an immunocytochemical study. J Neurosurg 85:838-45, 1996
  15. Rothbart D, Awad IA, Lee J, Kim J, Harbaugh R, Criscuolo GR. Expression of angiogenic factors and structural proteins in central nervous system vascular malformations. Neurosurgery 38:915-24; discussion 24-5, 1996
  16. Kilic T, Pamir MN, Kullu S, Eren F, Ozek MM, Black PM. Expression of structural proteins and angiogenic factors in cerebrovascular anomalies. Neurosurgery 46:1179-91; discussion 91-2, 2000
  17. Hashimoto T, Emala CW, Joshi S, et al. Abnormal pattern of Tie-2 and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor expression in human cerebral arteriovenous malformations. Neurosurgery 47:910-8; discussion 8-9, 2000
  18. Sure U, Butz N, Schlegel J, et al. Endothelial proliferation, neoangiogenesis, and potential de novo generation of cerebrovascular malformations. J Neurosurg 94:972-7, 2001
  19. Shenkar R, Elliott JP, Diener K, et al. Differential gene expression in human cerebrovascular malformations. Neurosurgery 52:465-77; discussion 77-8, 2003
  20. Gault J, Sarin H, Awadallah NA. Pathobiology of human cerebrovascular malformations: basic mechanisms and clinical relevance. Neurosurgery 55:1-17, 2004
  21. Sure U, Butz N, Siegel AM, Mennel HD, Bien S, Bertalanffy H. Treatment-induced neoangiogenesis in cerebral arteriovenous malformations. Clin Neurol Neurosurg 103:29-32, 2001
  22. Jerkic M, Rivas-Elena JV, Prieto M, et al. Endoglin regulates nitric oxide-dependent vasodilatation. Faseb J 18:609-11, 2004
  23. Leblanc R, Levesque M, Comair Y, Ethier R. Magnetic resonance imaging of cerebral arteriovenous malformations. Neurosurgery 21:15-20, 1987
  24. Smith HJ, Strother CM, Kikuchi Y, et al. MR imaging in the management of supratentorial intracranial AVMs. AJR Am J Roentgenol 150:1143-53, 1988
  25. Chappell PM, Steinberg GK, Marks MP. Clinically documented hemorrhage in cerebral arteriovenous malformations: MR characteristics. Radiology 183:719-24, 1992
  26. Cronqvist M, Ramgren B, Geijer B, Wirestam R, Brandt L, Holtas S. Diffusion- and perfusion-weighted MRI in therapeutic neurointerventional procedures. Neuroradiology 43:662-71, 2001
  27. Pott M, Huber M, Assheuer J, Bewermeyer H. Comparison of MRI, CT and angiography in cerebral arteriovenous malformations. Bildgebung 59:98-102, 1992
  28. Newton TH, Cronqvist S. Involvement of dural arteries in intracranial arteriovenous malformations. Radiology 1969;93:1071-8, 1969
  29. Horton JC, Chambers WA, Lyons SL, Adams RD, Kjellberg RN. Pregnancy and the risk of hemorrhage from cerebral arteriovenous malformations. Neurosurgery 1990;27:867-71; discussion 71-2, 1990
  30. Lanzino G, Jensen ME, Cappelletto B, Kassell NF. Arteriovenous malformations that rupture during pregnancy: a management dilemma. Acta Neurochir (Wien) 126:102-6, 1994
  31. Karlsson B, Lindquist C, Johansson A, Steiner L. Annual risk for the first hemorrhage from untreated cerebral arteriovenous malformations. Minim Invasive Neurosurg 40:40-6, 1997
  32. Yih PS, Cheong KF. Anaesthesia for caesarean section in a patient with an intracranial arteriovenous malformation. Anaesth Intensive Care 27:66-8, 1999
  33. Trivedi RA, Kirkpatrick PJ. Arteriovenous malformations of the cerebral circulation that rupture in pregnancy. J Obstet Gynaecol 23:484-9, 2003
  34. Piotin M, Mounayer C, Spelle L, Moret J. [Cerebral arteriovenous malformations and pregnancy: management of a dilemma.]. J Neuroradiol 31:376-8, 2004
  35. English LA, Mulvey DC. Ruptured arteriovenous malformation and subarachnoid hemorrhage during emergent cesarean delivery: a case report. Aana J 72:423-6, 2004
  36. Shojaku H, Seto H, Kakishita M, Yokoyama M, Ito J. Use of MR angiography in a pregnant patient with thalamic AVM. Radiat Med 14:159-61, 1996
  37. Terao M, Kubota M, Tamakawa S, Kawada K, Ogawa H. [Anesthesia for cesarean section in a patient with intracranial A-V malformation]. Masui 44:1700-2, 1995
  38. Fisher WS, 3rd. Therapy of AVMs: a decision analysis. Clin Neurosurg 42:294-312, 1995
  39. Hoh BL, Chapman PH, Loeffler JS, Carter BS, Ogilvy CS. Results of multimodality treatment for 141 patients with brain arteriovenous malformations and seizures: factors associated with seizure incidence and seizure outcomes. Neurosurgery 51:303-9; discussion 9-11, 2002
  40. Spetzler RF, Martin NA. A proposed grading system for arteriovenous malformations. J Neurosurg 65:476-83, 1986
  41. Humphreys RP, Hoffman HJ, Drake JM, Rutka JT. Choices in the 1990s for the management of pediatric cerebral arteriovenous malformations. Pediatr Neurosurg 25:277-85, 1996
  42. Morgan MK, Rochford AM, Tsahtsarlis A, Little N, Faulder KC. Surgical risks associated with the management of Grade I and II brain arteriovenous malformations. Neurosurgery 54:832-7; discussion 7-9, 2004
  43. Kiris T, Sencer A, Sahinbas M, Sencer S, Imer M, Izgi N. Surgical results in pediatric Spetzler-Martin grades I-III intracranial arteriovenous malformations. Childs Nerv Syst 21:69-74; discussion 5-6, 2005
  44. Andrade-Souza YM, Zadeh G, Scora D, Tsao MN, Schwartz ML. Radiosurgery for basal ganglia, internal capsule, and thalamus arteriovenous malformation: clinical outcome. Neurosurgery 56:56-63; discussion -4, 2005
  45. Pollock BE, Gorman DA, Brown PD. Radiosurgery for arteriovenous malformations of the basal ganglia, thalamus, and brainstem. J Neurosurg 100:210-4, 2004
  46. Levy EI, Niranjan A, Thompson TP, et al. Radiosurgery for childhood intracranial arteriovenous malformations. Neurosurgery 47:834-41; discussion 41-2, 2000
  47. Smyth MD, Sneed PK, Ciricillo SF, et al. Stereotactic radiosurgery for pediatric intracranial arteriovenous malformations: the University of California at San Francisco experience. J Neurosurg 97:48-55, 2002
  48. Ogilvy CS, Stieg PE, Awad I, et al. Recommendations for the management of intracranial arteriovenous malformations: a statement for healthcare professionals from a special writing group of the Stroke Council, American Stroke Association. Circulation 103:2644-57, 2001
  49. Ter Brugge K, Lasjaunias P, Chiu M, Flodmark O, Chuang S, Burrows P. Pediatric surgical neuroangiography. A multicentre approach. Acta Radiol Suppl 369:692-3, 1986
  50. Lee BB, Do YS, Yakes W, Kim DI, Mattassi R, Hyon WS. Management of arteriovenous malformations: a multidisciplinary approach. J Vasc Surg 39:590-600, 2004
  51. Chang SD, Marcellus ML, Marks MP, Levy RP, Do HM, Steinberg GK. Multimodality treatment of giant intracranial arteriovenous malformations. Neurosurgery 53:1-11; discussion -3, 2003
  52. Hoh, B. L. et al. Multimodality treatment of nongalenic arteriovenous malformations in pediatric patients. Neurosurgery 47, 346-357; discussion 357-348, 2000
  53. Burger, I. M., Murphy, K. J., Jordan, L. C., Tamargo, R. J. & Gailloud, P. Safety of cerebral digital subtraction angiography in children: complication rate analysis in 241 consecutive diagnostic angiograms. Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation 37, 2535-2539, 2006
  54. Ellis, M. J. et al. Intraoperative angiography during microsurgical removal of arteriovenous malformations in children. J Neurosurg Pediatr 6, 435-443, 2010
  55. Ford FRSA, Schaffer AJ. The etiology of infantile acquired hemiplegia. Arch Neurol Pysch 18: 323-347, 1927
  56. Osler W (1987). The Cerebral Palsies of Children. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Scientific Publications Ltd, 1987 (Original publication 1889)
  57. Sachs B, Peterson F (1890). A study of cerebral palsies of early life, based upon an analysis of one hundred and forty cases. J Nerv Ment Dis 17:295–332, 1890
  58. Freud S, Rie O. Klinische Studie uber die halbseitige Cerebrallahmung der Kinder. Wien: Moriz Perles, 1891
  59. Willis T: Pathologiae Cerebri et Nervosi Generis Specimen. In quo Agitur de Morbis Convulsivis, et de Scorbuto. Oxonii, excudebat Guil Hall, impensis Ja, Allestry 49, 1667
  60. Olivecrona H, Rives J: Arteriovenous aneurysms of the brain. Their diagnosis and treatment. Arch Neurol Psychiatr 59: 567–602, 1948
  61. Donaghy RMP, Yasargil MG (eds) Micro-Vascular Surgery: Report of First Conference, October 6–7, 1966, Mary Fletcher Hospital, Burlington, Vermont. Stuttgart, Georg Thieme, 1967











Your donations keep us going

The ISPN Guide is free to use, but we rely on donations to fund our ongoing work and to maintain more than a thousand pages of information created to disseminate the most up-to-date knowledge in the field of paediatric neurosurgery.

By making a donation to The ISPN Guide you are also indirectly helping the many thousands of children around the world whose treatment depends on well-informed surgeons.

Please consider making a donation today.

Use the app

The ISPN Guide can be used as a standalone app, both on mobile devices and desktop computers. It’s quick and easy to use.

Fully featured

Free registration grants you full access to The Guide and host of featured designed to help further your own education.

Stay updated

The ISPN Guide continues to expand both in breadth and depth. Join our mailing list to stay up-to-date with our progress.