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References for Intracranial Aneurysms in Children

This page was last updated on August 19th, 2022

  1. Aeron G, Abruzzo TA., Jones BV: Clinical and imaging features of intracranial arterial aneurysms in the pediatric population. Radiographics 32:667–681, 2012
  2. Agid R, Jonas Kimchi T, Lee S-K, et al: Diagnostic characteristics and management of intracranial aneurysms in children. Neuroimaging Clin N Am 17:153–63, 2007. Available: Accessed 28 September 2013
  3. Agid R, Souza MPS, Reintamm G, et al: The role of endovascular treatment for pediatric aneurysms. Childs Nerv Syst 21:1030–6, 2005. Available: Accessed 28 September 2013
  4. Ahn JH, Phi JH, Kang H-S, et al: A ruptured middle cerebral artery aneurysm in a 13-month-old boy with Kawasaki disease. J Neurosurg Pediatr 6:150–153, 2010
  5. Aldana P, Hanel RA: Flow diversion for complex intracranial aneurysms in young children. 15:276–281, 2015
  6. Andaluz N, Zuccarello M: Treatment strategies for complex intracranial aneurysms: review of a 12-year experience at the University of Cincinnati. Skull Base 21:233–42, 2011 Available: Accessed 28 September 2013
  7. Aryan HE, Giannotta SL, Fukushima T, et al: Aneurysms in children: review of 15 years experience. J Clin Neurosci 13:188–92, 2006 Available: Accessed 28 September 2013
  8. Beez T, Steiger H-J, Hänggi D: Evolution of management of intracranial aneurysms in children: A systematic review of the modern literature. J Child Neurol:2015 Available:
  9. Benson PJ, Sung JH: Cerebral aneurysms following radiotherapy for medulloblastoma. J Neurosurg 70:545–550, 1989
  10. Blount JP, Oakes WJ, Tubbs RS, et al: History of surgery for cerebrovascular disease in children. Part I. Intracranial arterial aneurysms. Neurosurg Focus 20:E9, 2006 Available:
  11. Börcek AÖ, Egemen E, Güngör G, et al: Intracranial aneurysm in childhood and interrupted aortic arch. Childs Nerv Syst 29:11–5, 2013 Available: Accessed 28 September 2013
  12. Burger IM, Murphy KJ, Jordan LC, et al: Safety of cerebral digital subtraction angiography in children: Complication rate analysis in 241 consecutive diagnostic angiograms. Stroke 37:2535–2539, 2006
  13. Dandy WE: Intracranial aneurysm of the internal carotid artery: cured by operation. Ann Surg 107:654–9, 1938 Available:
  14. Dashti SR, Baharvahdat H, Spetzler RF, et al: Operative intracranial infection following craniotomy. Neurosurg Focus 24:E10, 2008 Available:
  15. Egemen E, Massimi L, Di Rocco C: Iatrogenic intracranial aneurysms in childhood: case-based update. Childs Nerv Syst 28:1997–2004, 2012
  16. Eppinger H: Pathog Histogenes und Aetiol der Aneurysmen Einschl des Aneurysma equi verminosum Pathol Stud:1887 Available: Accessed 1 October 2015
  17. Etminnan N, Beseoglu K, Barrow DL, et al.: Multidisciplinary consensus on assessment of unruptured intracranial aneurysms: Proposal of an international research group. Stroke 45:1523–1530, 2014
  18. Etminan N, Buchholz BA, Dreier R,et al: Cerebral aneurysms: formation, progression, and developmental chronology. Transl Stroke Res 5:167–73, 2014 Available:
  19. Etminan N, Dreier R, Buchholz BA, et al: Exploring the age of intracranial aneurysms using carbon birth dating: preliminary results. Stroke 44:799–802, 2013 Available: Accessed 28 September 2013
  20. Etminan N, Vergouwen MDI, Ilodigwe D, et al: Effect of pharmaceutical treatment on vasospasm, delayed cerebral ischemia, and clinical outcome in patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Cereb Blood Flow Metab 31:1443–51, 2011 Available: Accessed 26 September 2014
  21. Ferroli P, Ciceri E, Parati E, et al: Obliteration of a giant fusiform carotid terminus-M1 aneurysm after distal clip application and extracranial-intracranial bypass. Case report. J Neurosurg Sci 51:71–6, 2007 Available:
  22. Fujita K, Yanaka K, Kamezaki T, et al: Ruptured middle cerebral artery aneurysm with intramural myxoid degeneration in a child. Pediatr Neurosurg 39:108–111, 2003 Available: Accessed 28 September 2013
  23. Gauvrit J-Y, Leclerc X, Ferré J-C, et al: [Imaging of subarachnoid hemorrhage]. J Neuroradiol 36:65–73, 2009 Available:
  24. Gibbs GF, Huston J, Bernstein MA, et al: Improved image quality of intracranial aneurysms: 3.0-T versus 1.5-T time-of-flight MR angiography. Am J Neuroradiol 25:84–87, 2004
  25. Guglielmi G, Viñuela F, Dion J, et al: Electrothrombosis of saccular aneurysms via endovascular approach. Part 2: Preliminary clinical experience. J Neurosurg 75: 8–14, 1991
  26. Heffren J, McIntosh AM, Reiter PD: Nimodipine for the prevention of cerebral vasospasm After subarachnoid hemorrhage in 12 children. Pediatr Neurol 52:356–360, 2015 Available:
  27. Housepian EM, Pool JL: A systematic analysis of intracranial aneurysms from the autopsy file of the Presbyterian Hospital, 1914 to 1956. J Neuropathol Exp Neurol 17:409–23, 1958 Available: Accessed 28 September 2013
  28. Huang J, McGirt MJ, Gailloud P, et al: Intracranial aneurysms in the pediatric population: case series and literature review. Surg Neurol 63:424–32; discussion 432–3, 2005 Available: Accessed 28 September 2013
  29. Jayaraman M V, Mayo-Smith WW, Tung GA, et al: Detection of intracranial aneurysms: multi-detector row CT angiography compared with DSA. Radiology 230:510–518, 2004
  30. Kakarla UK, Beres EJ, Ponce FA, et al: Microsurgical treatment of pediatric intracranial aneurysms: long-term angiographic and clinical outcomes. Neurosurgery 67:237–49; discussion 250, 2010 Available: Accessed 28 September 2013
  31. Kassell NF, Torner JC, Haley EC, et al: The International Cooperative Study on the Timing of Aneurysm Surgery. Part 1: Overall management results. J Neurosurg 73:18–36, 1990 Available: Accessed 28 September 2013
  32. Kassell NF, Torner JC, Jane JA, et al: The International Cooperative Study on the Timing of Aneurysm Surgery. Part 2: Surgical results. J Neurosurg 73:37–47, 1990 Available: Accessed 28 September 2013
  33. Kidwell CS, Chalela JA, Saver JL, et al: Comparison of MRI and CT for detection of acute intracerebral hemorrhage. JAMA 292:1823–1830, 2004
  34. Kim BS, Illes J, Kaplan RT, et al: Incidental findings on pediatric MR images of the brain. Am J Neuroradiol 23:1674–1677, 2002
  35. Kim LJ, Tariq F, Sekhar LN: Pediatric bypasses for aneurysms and skull base tumors: short- and long-term outcomes. J Neurosurg Pediatr 11:533–42, 2013 Available:
  36. Koroknay-Pál P, Lehto H, Niemelä M, et al: Long-term outcome of 114 children with cerebral aneurysms. J Neurosurg Pediatr 9:636–645, 2012
  37. Krings T, Lasjaunias PL, Geibprasert S, et al: The aneurysmal wall. The key to a subclassification of intracranial arterial aneurysm vasculopathies? Interv Neuroradiol 14 Suppl 1:39–47, 2008 Available:
  38. Krings T, Geibprasert S, terBrugge KG: Pathomechanisms and treatment of pediatric aneurysms. Childs Nerv Syst 26:1309–18, 2010 Available: Accessed 28 September 2013
  39. Lasjaunias P, Wuppalapati S, Alvarez H, et al: Intracranial aneurysms in children aged under 15 years: review of 59 consecutive children with 75 aneurysms. Childs Nerv Syst 21:437–50, 2005 Available: Accessed 28 September 2013
  40. Lilova MI, Petkov DL: Intracranial aneurysms in a child with autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease. Pediatr Nephrol 16:1030–2, 2001 Available:
  41. Linn FH, Rinkel GJ, Algra A, et al: Incidence of subarachnoid hemorrhage: role of region, year, and rate of computed tomography: a meta-analysis. Stroke 27:625–9, 1996 Available: Accessed 28 September 2013
  42. Loch Macdonald R: Management of cerebral vasospasm. Neurosurg Rev 29:179–93, 2006 Available: Accessed 28 September 2013
  43. Locksley HB: Natural history of subarachnoid hemorrhage, intracranial aneurysms and arteriovenous malformations. Based on 6368 cases in the cooperative study. J Neurosurg 25:219–39, 1966 Available: Accessed 28 September 2013
  44. Locksley HB, Sahs AL, Knowler L: Report on the cooperative study of intracranial aneurysms and subarachnoid hemorrhage. Section II. General survey of cases in the central registry and characteristics of the sample population. J Neurosurg 24:922–32, 1966 Available:
  45. Magge SN, Chen HI, Stiefel MF, et al: Multiple ruptured cerebral aneurysms in a child with Takayasu arteritis. J Neurosurg Pediatr 1:83–7, 2008 Available: Accessed 28 September 2013
  46. Matson DD: Intracranial arterial aneurysms in childhood. J Neurosurg 23:578–83, 1965 Available:
  47. Mayfield FH, Kees G: A brief history of the development of the Mayfield clip. Technical note. J Neurosurg 35:97–100, 1971 Available:
  48. Miglioretti DL, Johnson E, Williams A, et al: The use of computed tomography in pediatrics and the associated radiation exposure and estimated cancer risk. JAMA Pediatr 167:700–7, 2013 Available:
  49. Molyneux AJ, Kerr RSC, Birks J, et al: Risk of recurrent subarachnoid haemorrhage, death, or dependence and standardised mortality ratios after clipping or coiling of an intracranial aneurysm in the International Subarachnoid Aneurysm Trial (ISAT): long-term follow-up. Lancet Neurol 8:427–33, 2009 Available: Accessed 20 September 2013
  50. Molyneux A, Kerr R, Stratton I, et al: International Subarachnoid Aneurysm Trial (ISAT) of neurosurgical clipping versus endovascular coiling in 2143 patients with ruptured intracranial aneurysms: a randomised trial. Lancet 360:1267–74, 2002 Available:
  51. Ostergaard JR, Voldby B: Intracranial arterial aneurysms in children and adolescents. J Neurosurg 58:832–7, 1983 Available: Accessed 28 September 2013
  52. Oyesiku NM, Barrow DL, Eckman JR, et al: Intracranial aneurysms in sickle-cell anemia: clinical features and pathogenesis. 1991, pp 356–363
  53. Piastra M, Chiaretti A, Tortorolo L: Ruptured intracranial mycotic aneurysm presenting as cerebral hemorrhage in an infant: case report and review of the literature. Childs Nerv Syst 16:190–3, 2000 Available:
  54. Preul MC, Cendes F, Just N, et al: Intracranial aneurysms and sickle cell anemia: multiplicity and propensity for the vertebrobasilar territory. Neurosurgery 42:971–7; discussion 977–8, 1998 Available:
  55. Raabe A, Raabe A, Nakaji P, et al: Prospective evaluation of surgical microscope-integrated intraoperative near-infrared indocyanine green videoangiography during aneurysm surgery. J Neurosurg 103:982–9, 2005 Available:
  56. Regelsberger J, Heese O, Martens T, et al: Intracranial aneurysms in childhood: report of 8 cases and review of the literature. Cent Eur Neurosurg 70:79–85, 2009 Available: Accessed 28 September 2013
  57. Rinkel GJE, Djibuti M, Algra A, et al: Prevalence and risk of rupture of intracranial aneurysms : A systematic review. Stroke 29:251–256, 1998 Available: Accessed 21 September 2013
  58. Sanai N, Quinones-Hinojosa A, Gupta NM, et al: Pediatric intracranial aneurysms: durability of treatment following microsurgical and endovascular management. J Neurosurg 104:82–89, 2006
  59. Seki A, Uchiyama H, Fukushi T, et al: Incidental findings of brain magnetic resonance imaging study in a pediatric cohort in Japan and recommendation for a model management protocol. J Epidemiol 20 Suppl 2:S498–S504, 2010
  60. Sorteberg A, Dahlberg D: Intracranial non-traumatic aneurysms in children and adolescents. Curr Pediatr Rev 9:343–352, 2013 Available:
  61. Stehbens WE: Etiology of intracranial berry aneurysms. J Neurosurg 70:823–831, 1989 Available:
  62. Szelényi A, Langer D, Kothbauer K, et al: Monitoring of muscle motor evoked potentials during cerebral aneurysm surgery: intraoperative changes and postoperative outcome. J Neurosurg 105:675–681, 2006
  63. Takemoto K, Tateshima S, Golshan A, et al: Endovascular treatment of pediatric intracranial aneurysms: a retrospective study of 35 aneurysms. J Neurointerv Surg:1–7, 2013 Available:
  64. Vergouwen MDI, Vermeulen M, van Gijn J, et al: Definition of delayed cerebral ischemia after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage as an outcome event in clinical trials and observational studies: proposal of a multidisciplinary research group. Stroke 41:2391–5, 2010 Available: Accessed 26 September 2014
  65. Yasargil MG, Vise WM, Bader DC: Technical adjuncts in neurosurgery. Surg Neurol 8:331–6, 1977 Available:
  66. Yuan M-K, Lai P-H, Chen J-Y, et al: Detection of subarachnoid hemorrhage at acute and subacute/chronic stages: comparison of four magnetic resonance imaging pulse sequences and computed tomography. J Chin Med Assoc 68:131–137, 2005

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